As the eye is the only place where blood vessels can be viewed without invasive techniques, sometimes hypertension (which affects the body’s entire circulatory system) can be diagnosed in an eye exam. Hypertensive eye disease can lead to blocked arteries in the eye, causing damage to the retina.
Some eye conditions can alert an optometrist that a patient may have cholesterol problems. Hollenhorst Plaque is a piece of cholesterol that has broken off from a cholesterol deposit elsewhere in the body and lodged in the blood vessels of the retina. It is vital to have a complete medical exam.
The effect of Diabetic Retinopathy on vision varies widely, depending on the stage of the disease. Some common symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy include blurred vision (this is often linked to blood sugar levels), floaters and flashers, sudden loss of vision, blind spots and distortion of vision.
If you have chronic or secondary glaucoma, you probably won’t notice any symptoms until your sight has deteriorated considerably. This is because the first part of your sight to be affect is the outer or peripheral field of vision. Central vision, used to focus on an object, isn’t usually affected much later on in the disease.
Symptoms of a macular problem can include: poor central vision, a central near blind spot, Distortions in the appearance of straight lines, Reduced ability to see in detail.